For the first time ever, Reporters Without Borders is publishing a list of profiles of “100 information heroes” for World Press Freedom Day (3 May).Through their courageous work or activism, these “100 heroes” help to promote the freedom enshrined in article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the freedom to “to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.” They put their ideals in the service of the common good. They serve as examples.“World Press Freedom Day, which Reporters Without Borders helped to create, should be an occasion for paying tribute to the courage of the journalists and bloggers who constantly sacrifice their safety and sometimes their lives to their vocation,” said Reporters Without Borders secretary-general Christophe Deloire.
“These ‘information heroes’ are a source of inspiration to all women and men who aspire to freedom. Without their determination and the determination of all those like them, it would be simply impossible to extend the domain of freedom.“This obviously non-exhaustive list pays homage not only to the 100 famous and less well known people on it, but also to all the professional and non-professional journalists who constantly help to shed light on the world and cover every aspect of its reality. This initiative aims to show that the fight for freedom of information requires not only active support for the victims of abuses but also the promotion of those who can serve as models.”The list of “100 information heroes” comprises women and men of almost all ages (25 to 75) and 65 nations. The youngest, Oudom Tat, is Cambodian and the oldest, Muhammed Ziauddin, is Pakistani. Iran, Russia, China, Eritrea, Azerbaijan, Mexico and Vietnam are each represented by at least three heroes.The lists includes such varied figures as Anabel Hernandez, the author of a bestseller on the collusion between Mexican politicians and organized crime, Ismail Saymaz, a Turkish journalist who has been prosecuted a score of times for his reporting, Hassan Ruvakuki, who was jailed for 15 months in Burundi for interviewing members of a rebel movement, and Gerard Ryle, the head of International Consortium of Investigative Journalists, who has contributed to the emergence of global investigative journalism.Some work in democracies. They include Glenn Greenwald and Laura Poitras, US citizens who were responsible for revealing the mass electronic surveillance methods used by the US and British intelligence agencies. Others, such as the Iranian journalist Jila Bani Yaghoob, work under the most authoritarian regimes.Not all are professional journalists. The Vietnamese citizen-journalist Le Ngoc Thanh, for example, is also a Catholic priest. Many, such as Lirio Abbate, a specialist in the Sicilian mafia, have focused on covering corruption and organized crime. This is the case with Peter John Jaban, a Malaysian radio programme host who spent years in self-exile on London, Serhiy Lechtchenko, an investigative journalist from Ukraine, and Assen Yordanov, a Bulgarian journalist who has been repeatedly threatened.The profiles also include activists like María Pía Matta, who has worked for nearly ten years for the World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters (AMARC), defending the freedom of community radio stations in Latin America.

Courage is the common denominator. In Uzbekistan, the authorities had no compunction about torturing Muhammad Bekzhanov to extract a confession. In Eritrea, ranked last in the 2014 Reporters Without Borders press freedom index for the seventh year running, Dawit Isaac has languished in the dictator Issayas Afeworki’s jails for the past 13 years. Mazen Darwish, founder of the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression and winner of the RWB press freedom prize in 2012, has been held for more than two years by the Assad regime.

FlecheScroll

Ali Anouzla

Ali Anouzla

28 April 2014

The editor of the Arabic-language version of the news website Lakome, Ali Anouzla was arrested in September 2013 just for posting a link to the blog of a journalist with the Spanish daily El País that in turn had a link to a video in which Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) threatened Morocco. Although […]

Nicaise Kibel Bel'Oka

Nicaise Kibel Bel'Oka

28 April 2014

Winner of the CNN Africa press freedom prize in 2009, Nicaise Kibel Bel’Oka has devoted years of his life to defending media freedom. His work has been hailed by journalists internationally but has been rewarded with arrests at home. The latest was in September 2012, when a Nord Kivu province customs official in Beni accused […]

Oleksy Matsuka

Oleksiy Matsuka

28 April 2014

Oleksiy Matsuka’s car was torched outside his home in the eastern city of Donetsk on 12 April. Then his photo with the words “Attention, traitor!” was circulated amid mounting tension a few days later. This is not the first time the 31-year-old journalist has been threatened. The news site he has been running for the […]

Dina Meza

Dina Meza

28 April 2014

Presenter of the radio programme “Voces contra el Olvido” (Voices against Forgetting) and editor of the Defensores en Linea website, Dina Meza has been spied on, followed and threatened with violence and death almost without interruption for the past eight years, and had to flee abroad for several months in 2013. Her country is a […]

Razan Zaitouneh

Razan Zaitouneh

28 April 2014

A writer and human rights lawyer who founded the Violations Documentation Centre in Syria (VDC) in 2011, Razan Zaitouneh was kidnapped on 9 December 2013 along with her husband and two VDC colleagues in the Damascus suburb where they were hiding from government forces. It is not known for sure who kidnapped them, but some […]

Verónica Basurto

Verónica Basurto

28 April 2014

Covering police investigations is undoubtedly one of the most important activities carried out by journalists in Mexico. Verónica Basurto, a freelance working in Mexico City, took on the task of shedding light on several cases of corruption and impunity. Working with French journalist Laurence Cuvillier of the TV news channel France24 , she looked into […]

Kalafi Moala

Kalafi Moala

28 April 2014

“If you’re going to influence any society, or any group of people, information is the key. [...] The victory for freedom of the press and freedom of expression is a victory for the people.” That is the motto of Kalafi Moala, publisher and managing director of Taimi Media Network based in the archipelago’s capital, Nuku’alofa. […]

Khadija Ismayilova

Khadija Ismayilova

28 April 2014

Sentenced last year to sweep the streets for taking part in an unauthorized demonstration, investigative journalist Khadija Ismayilova said with a smile she would be “cleaning this country of filth”, something she was quite used to. Ismayilova is known for her in-depth investigations into corruption at the highest levels of government. These include the presidential […]

Hanan Al-Mqawab

Hanan Al-Mqawab

28 April 2014

A 34-year-old Libyan woman from Benghazi, Hanan Al-Mqawab was forged in the fire of the revolution. Soon after the start of the uprising, she began working as a citizen-journalist for the Media Centre, an ad hoc organization created to cover events in the east of the country. She soon went on to work for radio […]

Ángel Santiesteban-Prats

Angel Santiesteban-Prats

28 April 2014

His blog is called “ Los hijos que nadie quiso” (The children no one wanted). The writer and netizen Ángel Santiesteban-Prats has been held for more than a year for openly criticizing the “dictator” Raúl Castro, as he calls him. Convicted on trumped-up charges of “home violation” and “injuries” in a summary trial on 8 […]

Blaz Zgaga

Blaž Zgaga

28 April 2014

Ljubljana-based freelance investigative journalist Blaž Zgaga is the co-author of “In the Name of the State,” a bestseller about arms trafficking in the Balkans in 1990s, when it was a regional speciality. In 2000, he exposed the existence of clandestine US intelligence operations in the Balkans and was facing a five-year jail sentence for revealing […]

Rodney Sieh

Rodney Sieh

28 April 2014

Rodney D. Sieh has seen a lot. In Liberia during the terrible civil war that began in 1989, where he would cover massacres from the front line for the Monrovia Daily News. In Gambia, where he sought refuge in 1992 and reported for his uncle Kenneth Best’s Daily Observer newspaper about the deaths and disappearances […]

Itsmania Pineda Platero

Itsmania Pineda Platero

28 April 2014

The founder of Xibalba Arte y Cultura, an NGO specializing in the causes of crime and rehabilitating young offenders, the journalist Itsmania Pineda is constantly threatened online (“We’re going to dismember you alive, you slut!”), her email and blog have been hacked, she has been prevented from moving about freely and she has had to […]

Rowena Paraan

Rowena Paraan

28 April 2014

Rowena Paraan has been a journalist for more than 25 years. Formerly the head of research at the Philippines Center for Investigative Journalism (PCIJ), she is now the chairwoman of the National Union of Journalists of the Philippines where for a long time she has been running the journalists’ safety program. This is a major […]

Pham Chi Dung

Pham Chi Dung

28 April 2014

Like others who have seen nomenklatura corruption up close, Pham Chi Dung returned his party card. Instead he devoted himself to writing and developing a critique of Vietnam’s political class, which he knows inside out. He was a military officer for many years and was an aide to Truong Tan Sang in Ho Chin Minh […]

Zaw Phay

Zaw Phay

28 April 2014

Zaw Phay is an experienced journalist who started out as a clandestine video reporter for Democratic Voice of Burma(now DVB Multimedia Group) during the Saffron Revolution in 2007. He is also a former political prisoner who was given a three-year jail sentence in 2010 for filming “without permission” while investigating a water shortage in Nat […]

Abeer Saady

Abeer Saady

28 April 2014

Well known in the Egyptian media, Abeer Saady has been writing constantly in Arabic and English on the most important subjects for the past 23 years. Whether at the Libyan war front or on the streets of Cairo, she seems to be everywhere. Hundreds of journalists throughout the Middle East know her, as she has […]

Yoani Sánchez

Yoani Sánchez

28 April 2014

A philologist by training, Yoani Sánchez is a celebrity in her own country and internationally. Time Magazine ranked her as one of the world’s 100 most influential people in 2008. Her Generación Y blog, launched in 2007 with the aim of “helping to build a plural Cuba,” covers the economic and social problems that ordinary […]

Laura Poitras

Laura Poitras

28 April 2014

Without Laura Poitras, the meeting between Edward Snowden and Glenn Greenwald might never have taken place. When the whistleblower contacted Greenwald in 2011, the latter was reluctant to use secure encrypted communications. Snowden turned to Poitras, who was familiar with such techniques. It’s easy to see why. The US authorities had had their sights on […]

Lydia Cacho

Lydia Cacho

28 April 2014

Lydia Cacho’s coverage of violence and sexual abuse affecting women and children has won her many international awards such as the Wallenberg Medal, the Olof Palme prize and the UNESCO press freedom prize. But it has also brought her a lot of trouble in Mexico, including a rape linked to her reporting in 1999, an […]

Najiba Hamrouni

Najiba Hamrouni

30 April 2014

Najiba Hamrouni, acknowledged by her peers as a model of integrity, has spared no effort in defending the freedom of the press. Originally an ordinary member of the Association of Tunisian Journalists, she became the treasurer of the National Union of Tunisian Journalists, in 2008 and was elected its president in 2011. Her courage and […]

Amara Al-Khitabi

Amara Al-Khitabi

28 April 2014

The editor of the privately-owned Tripoli newspaper Al-Umma, Amara Al-Khitabi is a victim of Libya’s penal code and, in particular, article 195, which remains in effect although it is very repressive. Aged 67, he was arrested on 21 November 2012 and was held for more than four months, becoming the first Libyan journalist to be […]

Fahem Boukadous

Fahem Boukadous

28 April 2014

Fahem Boukadous has suffered a lot for the right to information, including torture, imprisonment, several hunger strikes and living in hiding. A human rights activist during the Ben Ali era, when no freedom of opinion was tolerated, Boukadous was one of the few journalists to cover the 2008 uprising in the Gafsa mining district. After […]

Amira Hass

Amira Hass

28 April 2014

Amira Hass is the only Jewish Israeli journalist to have lived among the Palestinians in Gaza and Ramallah since 1993. She thinks it is as necessary as “covering Britain from London, and France from Paris.” Her reports for the Israeli daily Ha’aretz, which she says “cannot be objective, just as any reporting about wrong-doing cannot […]

Ismail Saymaz

Ismail Saymaz

28 April 2014

A reporter for the newspaper Radikal, Ismail Saymaz was covering a nationwide wave of demonstrations in the summer of 2013 when he found proof that it was shopkeepers and plainclothes policemen who had beaten a young protester to death in the western city of Eskisehir. As a result, he was threatened by the local prefect, […]

IWMF

Chiranuch Premchaiporn

28 April 2014

Chiranuch Premchaiporn, better known by the pen name Jiew, is the editor of the online newspaper Prachatai. She was briefly arrested and prosecuted in 2010 for lèse majesté. Under the terms of the draconian Computer Crimes Act, she could face up to 50 years in prison. The evidence was scant: she was accused of failing […]

Queiros Anastacio Chiluvia

Queirós Anastácio Chiluvia

28 April 2014

Working illegally as a journalist was among the charges brought against Queirós Anastácio Chiluvia, news director of the opposition radio station Despertar, in February this year. It all began when the journalist went past a police station in a suburb of Luanda when he heard calls for help from detainees in the cells. Having tried […]

Ali Lmrabet

Ali Lmrabet

28 April 2014

Ali Lmrabet has been gagged in his country since 2005, when he was sentenced to a 10-year-ban on working as journalist for writing in a report for the Spanish daily El Mundo that the Sahrawis living in camps on the outskirts of the Algerian town of Tindouf were “refugees” and not “hostages” held against their […]

Nuriddin Karshiboev

Nuriddin Karshiboev

28 April 2014

Nuriddin Karshiboev has written more than 600 articles and reports in a 30-year career. He likes to say he fell into journalism at a very young age. While still at school he wrote articles in newspapers for children. However, grander ambitions have brought him fame these days. He heads the Tajik National Association of Independent […]

Ali Abdulemam

Ali Abdulemam

28 April 2014

Ali Abdulemam is a pioneer. In 1999, he created Bahrain Online, his country’s first pro-democracy forum and a very popular one. For his pains, he was arrested, beaten and tortured several times for “publishing false information.” He was released for the last time on 23 February 2011, a week after a “Day of Anger” began […]

Julian Assange

Julian Assange

28 April 2014

Julian Assange divides opinion – some see him as an advocate of transparency, others as a terrorist. The reports published by WikiLeaks, created by Assange in 2006 and specialising in leaking government documents, have made him an enemy of the US government. In its War Logs, comprising hundreds of thousands of US documents about Afghanistan […]

Yu Terasawa

Yu Terasawa

28 April 2014

Yu Terasawa has few friends in the Japanese police. He was still a student when he began his career in journalism by exposing police corruption. More than 20 years later, about 100 agents and officers have been fired, prosecuted or subjected to disciplinary action as a result of the countless articles and books he has […]

sardar-mohamad-KRG

Sardar Muhammad

28 April 2014

Sardar Muhammad is a pioneer of independent journalism in Iraqi Kurdistan. He worked for the very first independent newspaper in the autonomous region, Hawlati, founded in 2000, and he was among those who launched the newspaper Awene in January 2006, of which he is now the editor. The paper has become an institution in the […]

Danish Karokhel

Danish Karokhel

28 April 2014

Promoting human rights, calling the government and elites to account and encouraging participation in public life – these are the three pillars of Pajhwok Afghan News, the independent news agency that Danish Karokhel created ten years ago. Under his leadership, PAN’s Kabul headquarters and its eight regional bureaux produce an average of 40 dispatches a […]

Anabel Hernández

Anabel Hernández

28 April 2014

Despite her father’s abduction and murder in December 2000, Anabel Hernández broke a story the following year that led to a major investigation into embezzlement at the highest level of government. Her coverage of this scandal, known as Toallagate, won her Mexico’s National Journalism Award in 2002. She went on to spend five years researching […]

Jila Bani Yaghoob

Jila Bani Yaghoob

28 April 2014

Jila Bani Yaghoob, a journalist who runs the Kanoon Zanan Irani (Centre for Iranian Women) website, is supposed to remain silent until 2040. When a Tehran court convicted her in 2010 of “anti-system propaganda” and “insulting the president,” it sentenced her to a year in prison and a 30-year ban on journalistic work. The first […]

Lirio Abbate

Lirio Abbate

28 April 2014

Now the Sicily correspondent of the weekly Espresso and the daily La Stampa after years of working for the Italian news agency ANSA, Lirio Abbate is an expert on organized crime, especially the Sicilian variety. After being the only journalist present at the arrest of Bernardo Provenzano, Cosa Nostra’s “capo di tutti capi,” in April […]

Serhiy Leshchenko

Serhiy Leshchenko

28 April 2014

The day after President Viktor Yanukovych fled, on 22 February 2014, the world was amazed by the luxury of his Mezhyhirya Residence. But Serhiy Leshchenko was anything but surprised. Chandeliers, marble, private zoo, car collection and airstrip on the bank of the Dnieper, he had already described all of that in detail and had drawn […]

José Belo

José Belo

28 April 2014

During the Indonesian occupation of Timor Leste in the 1990s, José Belo learned to cope with anything. He was handcuffed, hung by his feet, burned and put in prison for three years. Finally in 2008, the country’s legal system, which had been independent for only a short time, threatened him with seven years’ imprisonment for […]

Asif Mohiuddin

Asif Mohiuddin

28 April 2014

“They wanted to take me to the town centre of Motijheel for a public lynching.” “They” are activists of Hefazat-e-Islam, a coalition of fundamentalist madrasas supported by the Jamaat-e-Islami party. In May 2013, a million of them gathered in the centre of the Bangladeshi capital, Dhaka, to call for the death penalty for atheist and […]

Waleed Al-Shehhi

Waleed Al-Shehhi

28 April 2014

A sentence of two years in prison and a fine of 500,000 dirhams (100,000 euros) – Waleed Al-Shehhi, a netizen based in Ajman, in the United Arab Emirates, has paid dearly for a few tweets about the trial of 94 Emiratis, most of whom were convicted of endangering the country’s security for having links with […]

Mireya Manquepillán Huanquil

Mireya Manquepillán Huanquil

28 April 2014

A member of the Mapuche indigenous community, like 4 per cent of Chileans, Mireya Manquepillán has been prosecuted for using an unauthorized frequency as the manager of Kimche Mapu, a community radio station covering the Los Rios region, 800 km south of Santiago. She testified to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination […]

Malahat Nasibova

Malahat Nasibova

28 April 2014

When journalists began interviewing the relatives of a man found dead at the local office of the Ministry of National Security (MNS) in the isolated region of Nakhchivan in August 2011, MNS officers intervened, grabbing at their microphones and cameras. One of the reporters, Malahat Nasibova of the independent news agency Turan, was branded an […]

Tongam Rina

Tongam Rina

28 April 2014

Not even bullets can silence Tongam Rina — in July 2012 she received one in the stomach which grazed her spinal cord. A gunman and his accomplices waited for her at the entrance to the Arunachal Times in Itanagal, the capital of Arunachal Pradesh state. Almost 2 years later, the man assumed to be behind […]

Jigme Gyatso

Jigme Gyatso

28 April 2014

Jigme Gyatso, also known as Golog Jigme, is a Buddhist monk and human rights activist who found fame with the film “Leaving Fear Behind” which he made with the farmer and film-maker Dhondup Wangchen. The powerful 25-minute documentary consists of interviews with 108 ordinary Tibetans and had a secret screening in Beijing on the opening […]

Lukpan Akhmediarov

Lukpan Akhmedyarov

28 April 2014

An investigative journalist based in the northwestern city of Uralsk, Lukpan Akhmedyarov, 38, is well known for covering corruption and human rights abuses by President Nursultan Nazarbayev’s autocratic regime for the regional weekly Uralskaya Nedelia. He narrowly survived an apparent murder attempt outside his apartment on the night of 19 April 2012, when he was […]

Svetlana Reiter

Svetlana Reiter

28 April 2014

When Svetlana Reiter received the Politprosvet political journalism award in 2013, she felt she had to remind people that she was interested mainly in social issues. This is the paradox of a country where the political and the social are intertwined more and more closely. It is also characteristic of a form of everyday journalism […]

Israpil-Chovkhalov

Israpil Shovkhalov

28 April 2014

Israpil Shovkhalov edits Dosh, the only independent magazine that specializes in political, economic and social developments in Chechnya and the rest of the Russian Caucasus. Since its creation in 2003, it has served as a unique information outlet and forum for dialogue in the face of government censorship and ubiquitous violence. But tackling such sensitive […]

Dina Daskalopoulou

Dina Daskalopoulou

28 April 2014

There was a national and international outcry when the three TV stations operated by Elliniki Radiofonía Tileórasi (ERT), Greece’s public broadcaster, stopped broadcasting at 10:11 p.m. on 11 June 2013. Journalist for Eleftherotypia, Dina Dasklopoulou and other journalists created i Efimerida ton syndacton, a self-managed “strike newspaper”. Dina Daskalopoulou, who works for the same salary as all […]

Dawit Isaac

Dawit Isaac

28 April 2014

Is Dawit Isaac still alive? A journalist, poet and naturalized Swedish citizen, he returned to serve “free Eritrea” and to launch Setit, a pro-reform newspaper. But since his arrest in September 2001, he has been subjected to a slow death in the burning hot containers used for holding prisoners in Eiraeiro, a detention centre in […]

Muhammad Bekjanov

Muhammad Bekzhanov

28 April 2014

Muhammad Bekzhanov is one of the world’s longest held journalists. Until he had to flee abroad in 1994, he edited Erk (Freedom), a newspaper that was President Islam Karimov’s leading media critic. After the government blaming a series of bombings in Tashkent in 1999 on pro-democracy groups as well as armed Islamists, it got the […]

Li Jianjun

Li Jianjun

28 April 2014

For the past 10 years, Li Jianjun has been waging a battle against corruption in China. Li, 36, began working as an investigative journalist in his home province of Shanxi in the north of the country, where he exposed cases of corruption in the police. He was sacked in 2011 but didn’t back down. Between […]

Huang Qi

Huang Qi

28 April 2014

Creator of China’s first human rights news website in 1998 and winner of the Reporters Without Borders Cyber-Freedom Prize in 2004, Huang Qi has spent eight of the past 14 years in prison. He was jailed in 2000 for “inciting subversion” and again in 2008 on a charge of “ possessing state secrets”, for gathering […]

Tshivis Tshivuadi

Tshivis Tshivuadi

28 April 2014

The secretary-general of Journalist in Danger, a local NGO, Tshivis Tshivuadi has worked tirelessly for freedom of information in Democratic Republic of Congo for more than 15 years. Instead of deterring him, his first death threats in 2006 just convinced him to keep going. He was threatened again on 1 September 2011 and branded as […]

Mabel Caceres

Mabel Cáceres

28 April 2014

Mabel Cáceres was already an experienced journalist when she launched the weekly El Buho (The Owl) in Arequipa, Peru’s second largest city, in 2000. The stories she covers in detail include endemic corruption, illicit enrichment and the reconstruction of a regional “Fujimorist” apparatus (by the allies of former President Alberto Fujimori, who was sentenced in […]

Said Matinpour

Said Matinpour

28 April 2014

Said Matinpour, a journalist with the weekly Azeri-language newspaper Yarpagh, is among the media workers who have spent the longest time in the jails of Iran. A Tehran revolutionary court sentenced him to eight years’ imprisonment in 2009 for anti-government propaganda and “maintaining relations with foreigners”. Two years earlier, he was detained in the notorious […]

Maydaneh Abdallah Okieh

Maydaneh Abdallah Okieh

28 April 2014

Maydaneh Abdallah Okieh is one of the mainstays of the first independent radio station in Djibouti’s recent history, La Voix de Djibouti. He is reporter, interviewer and editor of its website and the government of President Ismail Omar Guelleh has had him in its sights on many occasions. He was jailed three times between March […]

Gorka Landaburu

Gorka Landáburu

28 April 2014

On 15 May 2001, the journalist Gorka Landáburu received a package at his home in Zarauz, a town in Spain’s northern Basque Country. It appeared to have been sent by a business association. When he opened it, 150 grams of Titadine, a compressed dynamite used in mining and by the Basque armed separatist group ETA […]

Mariyath-Mohamed---Maldives

Mariyath Mohammed

28 April 2014

“Your sister has hanged herself and we can help you do the same.” This is the kind of threat that 29-year-old Mariyath Mohammed gets in return for her commitment to freely reported news. After a spell at HFM Radio, she joined Minivan News, one of Maldives’ few independent news websites, in 2012. At a time […]

Abdul Bary Taher

Abdul Bary Taher

28 April 2014

Abdul Bary Taher is leading figure in the fight for press freedom in Yemen. He began his career as a journalist in 1973, writing for the daily Al-Thawra (Revolution). He served as its editor in chief between 1990 and 1992 but has paid a high price for the independence and outspokenness of his editorials. He […]

Aksana Panova

Aksana Panova

28 April 2014

Aksana Panova has paid a high price for her determination to expose corruption and negligence among powerful local figures in the Yekaterinburg region in the Urals — she has been banned from doing her job until the end of 2015. The outspokenness of the Ura.ru website that she launched in 2006, and of which she […]

Biniam Simon

Biniam Simon

28 April 2014

Biniam Simon was a government TV presenter in Eritrea, a little-known corner of the Horn of Africa that may have become one of the world’s worst dictatorships under Issayas Afewerki. Around 10,000 political prisoners, including some 30 journalists, are held in terrible conditions and many have died in detention. Simon fled to France and, since […]

Eric Topona

Eric Topona

28 April 2014

On 3 May 2013, World Press Freedom Day, radio journalist and human rights defender Eric Topona said media freedom was beginning to become a reality in Chad. But, three days later, he was arrested in a roundup of journalists and government opponents and spent more than 100 days in prison awaiting trial. The conditions in […]

Mazen Darwish

Mazen Darwish

28 April 2014

Human rights lawyer Mazen Darwish’s voice ceased to be heard more than two years ago in the Syrian hell that has already consumed more than 150,000 lives. He and his two assistants at the Syrian Centre for Media and Freedom of Expression (SCM), Hussein Ghareer and Hani Al-Zitani, are being held on terrorism charges because […]

Hamid Mir

Hamid Mir

28 April 2014

Hamid Mir is a star – a star reporter, TV anchor, terrorism expert and security analyst. He has been fired twice, as a young reporter and as the Daily Pakistan’s editor, for articles implicating Pakistani leaders in corruption. He help launched the Daily Ausaf in Islamabad in 1997, interviewed Osama Bin Laden twice (before and […]

Glenn Greenwald

Glenn Greenwald

28 April 2014

Glenn Greenwald is a former lawyer, journalist and star blogger of the US edition of the Guardian newspaper. He will always be remembered as the journalist behind the revelations by Edward Snowden. He first met the man who a few days later became the most famous whistleblower in history in a tiny Hong Kong hotel […]

Maria Pia Matta

María Pía Matta

30 April 2014

María Pía Matta is a campaigner for the rights of women and indigenous groups and for more than 20 years has personified the independent station Radio Tierra, which broadcasts from Santiago with the goal of strengthening social dialogue among local communities. In 2003 she was appointed Vice-President of the South American branch of the World […]

M.V.Kaanamylnathan

M. V. Kaanamylnathan

28 April 2014

M. V. Kaanamylnathan had 50 years’ tough experience in journalism and had worked for every Tamil-language newspaper in Sri Lanka when he took the helm of the main Tamil daily Uthayan in 1985, two years after the civil war flared up. Dozens of members of the paper’s staff were among the conflict’s 100,000 dead. Bombings, […]

Ahmed Humeidan

Ahmed Humeidan

28 April 2014

Accusing a journalist of attacking a police station is unprecedented. But that’s what happened to the 26-year-old photographer Ahmed Humeidan. He was arrested on 29 December 2012 for supposedly “storming” a police station on the small island of Sitra, in Bahrain, although he was not there at the time of the incident. This well-known photographer […]

Yrgalem Fisseha Mebrahtu

Yrgalem Fisseha Mebrahtu

28 April 2014

Yirgalem Fisseha Mebrahtu is one of the few women to have entered what is the dangerous profession of journalism in Eritrea. After the government closed all independent media in 2001, she worked for radio Bana until the authorities raided it in February 2009, arrested all the staff and took them to Adi Abeito military prison. […]

Milka Tadic Mijovic

Milka Tadic Mijovic

28 April 2014

Even before the collapse of Tito’s Yugoslavia, Milka Tadic Mijovic was involved with one of the pioneers of democracy in the Balkans, the Monitor, Montenegro’s first independent weekly. Her articles defending peace and ethnic minorities and combatting corruption won recognition internationally and trouble at home.  She was the first journalist to be fired for criticizing […]

Gotson Pierre

Gotson Pierre

28 April 2014

After the 2010 earthquake, Haitian journalist and PR consultant Gotson Pierre realized his main priority should be to compensate for the lack of news and information. The disaster devastated the country, destroying the homes of more than 1.5 million Haitians who were forced to find shelter in survivor camps dotted throughout the capital, Port-au-Prince. The […]

Adnan Hassanpour

Adnan Hassanpour

28 April 2014

The “dean” of Iran’s imprisoned journalists, Adnan Hassanpour was the editor of Asou (Horizon), a now closed weekly, in Marivan, in a western region where most of the population is Kurdish. A Marivan revolutionary court sentenced him to death in 2007 on charges of spying, separatist propaganda and subversive activities against national security. Thanks to […]

Saouti Haidara

Saouti Haïdara

28 April 2014

The photos of Saouti Haïdara, the 62-year-old dean of Mali’s press corps, on a hospital bed with his face swollen and his arm in plaster, went round Africa and prompted a one-day protest strike by the Malian media. It happened on 12 July 2012, two months after intelligence officers interrogated him about his sources. A […]

Zhanna Litvina

Zhanna Litvina

28 April 2014

The name Zhanna Litvina is familiar among the independent journalists still left in Belarus. The Belarus Association of Journalists (BAJ), which she founded in 1995, has provided critical support, such as legal assistance, documentation of press freedom violations, vocational training, advocacy for legislative reform, in the face of daily abuses by “Europe’s last dictatorship”. The […]

Mutabar Tadjibayeva

Mutabar Tadjibayeva

28 April 2014

Six years ago, Mutabar Tadjibayeva was fighting for her life in an Uzbek prison. While jailed from October 2005 to June 2008, this independent journalist and human rights right defender spent more than 100 days in solitary and was subjected to monstrous forms of mistreatment for refusing to sign a confession. Her crime? Documenting human […]

Oudom Tat

Oudom Tat

28 April 2014

Oudom Tat has taken an interest in journalism and photography ever since he was a boy delivering newspapers in Phnom Penh. After working for an NGO, he became a fixer for foreign reporters, especially those who wanted to cover land conflicts in the capital and provinces. In 2011, he joined Voice of Democracy, one of […]

Siamak Qaderi

Siamak Qaderi

28 April 2014

Four years in prison and 60 lashes. That’s the sentence that the journalist and blogger Siamak Qaderi received in January 2011 after being fired by the government news agency IRNA. He was convicted of using his blog to disseminate anti-government propaganda and false information “liable to disrupt public order.” His crime was not just investigating […]

Truong Duy Nhat

Truong Duy Nhat

28 April 2014

After starting out as a reporter for regional police publications, Truong Duy Nhat worked for the daily Dai Doan Ket (Great Solidarity). But he resigned as a state media journalist in 2010 to become a prolific and outspoken blogger, calling his blog – originally truongduynhat.vn and then, a year later, truongduynhat.org – “Another point of […]

Malick Ali Maiga

Malick Ali Maiga

28 April 2014

Malick Ali Maiga was a presenter for Adar Koima (Joy of the Hill), the last of the six radio stations in the northern city of Gao to keep going after the rebel MUJAO and MNLA groups took the city in March 2012 and repeatedly threatened its journalists. He drove around at night and saw these […]

Giuseppe Maniaci

Giuseppe Maniaci

28 April 2014

Giuseppe “Pino” Maniaci runs Telejato, a small “anti-mafia TV station,” from an apartment in Partinico, a suburb of the Sicilian capital of Palermo. A former building contractor, he was prosecuted in 2009 on a charge of working illegally as a journalist, and won the case by invoking the constitutional right to freely express his opinions. […]

IWMF

Claudia Duque

28 April 2014

There’s no respite in Colombia for those who try to cover enforced disappearances, the recruitment of child soldiers, the failure to punish crimes of violence and the infiltration of government services by paramilitary groups. Leading investigative journalist Claudia Duque has often found this to her cost since 2001, when she was kidnapped by officials with […]

Lucío Flávio Pinto

Lúcio Flávio Pinto

28 April 2014

For more than 25 years, Lúcio Flávio Pinto has been the one-man editorial team of Jornal Pessoal (Personal Newspaper), a fearless, ad-less 12-page bimonthly that he writes and distributes on the streets of Belém, in the northern state of Pará. Trained as a sociologist and stubborn journalist by conviction, he stormed out of the daily […]

Gerard Ryle

Gerard Ryle

28 April 2014

It all begins with a revolutionary pill that you dissolve in the tank of your car, which was supposed to reduce fuel consumption and cut exhaust emissions to zero. It set off a gold rush. The Australian company that claimed to market it raised more than 100 million dollars. The scam was exposed by the […]

Ileana Alamilla

Ileana Alamilla

28 April 2014

A lawyer by training and journalist by vocation, Ileana Alamilla fled Guatemala in 1979 and did not return until 1998, spending almost 20 years in exile in Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Salvador and Mexico. It was in exile in 1983 that she founded Cerigua (Centro de Reportes Informativos Sobre Guatemala) to “break through Guatemala’s international isolation […]

Ali Dilem

Ali Dilem

28 April 2014

Ali Dilem knows only too well that it’s not easy to be a cartoonist in Algeria. He has long worked in difficult circumstances, drawing political cartoons for the Algerian daily newspaper Liberté and the TV5 program Monde Kiosque. He has regularly received death threats and has been taken in for questioning on many occasions, receiving […]

Assen Yordanov

Assen Yordanov

28 April 2014

The news website Bivol.bg(Buffalo) that Assen Yordanov founded with Atanas Chobanov in October 2010 quickly made a name for itself with exclusives about corruption, flaws in the judicial system and collusion between politicians and organized crime in Bulgaria. A few months later, it became the official WikiLeaks partner for the publication of leaked US diplomatic […]

Hassan Ruvakuki

Hassan Ruvakuki

28 April 2014

Hassan Ruvakuki is among those journalists who are not afraid to get close to the story. He works as a correspondent for the Swahili service of Radio France Internationale and as a reporter for the local station Bonesha FM. In November 2011, he took it upon himself to cover the formation of a new Burundian […]

Reyot Alemu

Reyot Alemu

28 April 2014

It was in Addis Ababa’s appalling Kality prison that Reyot Alemu learned that she had won the 2013 UNESCO world press freedom prize. She has been there since June 2011 serving a 14-year sentence(later reduced to five) on a charge of “participating in, promoting and communicating a terrorist act.” A columnist on political and social […]

Agnès Uwimana Nkusi

Agnès Uwimana Nkusi

28 April 2014

Agnès Uwimana Nkusi is a Rwandan journalist of extraordinary courage. The editor of the privately-owned bimonthly Umurabyo, she was first arrested in 2007 and sentenced to two years in prison on charges of inciting civil disobedience, promoting division and genocide denial. After serving her sentence, she went back to work without submitting to the regime […]

Johnny Bissakonou

Johnny Bissakonou

28 April 2014

The “ordinary citizen’s spokesman” is how Johnny Bissakonou describes himself. Blogger, journalist, radio host, media editor – he has worn many caps during years of trying to provide as much information as possible about Central African Republic. His goal? To expose what’s going on and work for a more democratic society. When the rebel Seleka […]

Muhammad Ziauddin

Muhammad Ziauddin

28 April 2014

Muhammad Ziauddin is an elder statesman of Pakistani journalism, with a 45-year career behind him. He served as president of the South Asian Free Media Association from 2002 to 2006 and is now executive editor of TheExpress Tribune. Since its launch, the English-language newspaper has adopted an unflinchingly liberal tone, whether reporting on religious extremism […]

Le Ngoc Thanh

Le Ngoc Thanh

28 April 2014

Anton le Ngoc Thanh is a journalist and a Catholic priest. His work for Vietnam Redemporist News, a Catholic news organization for which he has worked since the 1990s, has caused him numerous problems with the Vietnamese authorities. In 2012 he was stopped for questioning on his way to Bac Lieu in the south of […]

Brankica Stanković

Brankica Stanković

28 April 2014

It’s not easy being an investigative journalist in the Balkans, as the Serbian journalist Brankica Stanković knows only too well. She has headed Insajder, the B92 media group’s flagship investigative TV programme, since 2004. She was just doing her job in November 2009 when she tackled the sensitive issue of links between organized crime and […]

Hasan Cemal

Hasan Cemal

28 April 2014

“If this is journalism, then down with your journalism!” Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan did not mince his words when he accused the daily Milliyetof jeopardising the peace process with Kurdish rebels in March last year when it published the minutes of the negotiations. His blast was aimed partly at the noted columnist Hasan Cemal, […]

Najiba Ayubi

Najiba Ayubi

28 April 2014

Journalist, activist and woman – Najiba Ayubi has a lot of handicaps in a country famed for its warlords. But the managing director of The Killid Group – a non-profit media network that includes two of the country’s most popular magazines (Killid Weekly and Mursal Weekly) and eight radio stations with a total of 12 […]

Andrzej Poczobut

Andrzej Poczobut

28 April 2014

Describing Alexander Lukashenko as a dictator is risky. In the past decade some 10 people have received jail sentences for insulting the Belarussian head of state in this way. However, it is a matter of principle for Andrzej Poczobut to call a spade a spade. Between 2011 and 2012, the life of the Belarussian journalist, […]

Peter John Jaban

Peter John Jaban

28 April 2014

Known by the pseudonym of “Papa Orang Utan,” Peter John Jaban is the voice of Radio Free Sarawak, a London-based shortwave radio station that broadcasts to local communities in the jungles of the Malaysian province of Sarawak, on the island of Borneo. A member of Sarawak’s Iban community, Jaban already defied the authorities by turning […]

Ganimat Zahid

Ganimat Zahid

28 April 2014

Ganimat Zahid, who has already served two years and a half in prison on a ridiculous pretext, knows that freedom is hard-fought. The newspaper he runs, Azadliq (“freedom” in Azeri), is one of the last remaining opposition titles still standing in a ravaged media landscape. Squeezed by fines and deprived of income by the press […]

Liu Hu

Liu Hu

28 April 2014

Police stormed into the home of Liu Hu, a journalist with the Guangzhou-based Modern Express daily, on 24 August 2013, took him off to Beijing, and put him in Detention Centre No. 1, which is usually reserved for the most dangerous criminals. After 37 days, the maximum for provisional detention, he was formally charged with […]